What are 5 effects of smoking
According to the World Health Organization, currently, in the world, one person dies every 6 seconds from tobacco-related diseases, and every year 5 million people die from this cause.
Smoking negatively affects most organs of the human body.
And here are 5 consequences of smoking.
- Smoking dramatically increases the risk of stroke.
Disruption of brain function caused by a disruption in the blood supply to the brain.
Stroke is caused by a blood vessel that supplies oxygen to the brain being blocked by a blood clot or other particles
Cerebral vascular thrombosis is the most common cause of stroke.
It means a blood clot (thrombus) forms and disrupts the blood supply to the brain.
Another cause of stroke in smokers can be damage to a cerebral artery, causing it to rupture and bleed into the brain.
- Smoking increases blood pressure.
The delivery of oxygen to the heart muscle is severely impaired because the hemoglobin in the blood is blocked by carbon monoxide from tobacco smoke.
This leads to serious damage to the heart and blood vessels.
Smokers have four to five times the risk of myocardial infarction than non-smokers.
If a smoker has high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure, the risk of a heart attack is 8 times higher.
The average age of those who die of heart attacks is 67, and the average age of smokers is 47.
- Lung cancer, a tumor that occurs in the surface tissues of the lungs, is caused about 90% of the time by long-term smoking.
People who smoke two or more packs of cigarettes a day for 20 years have a 60-70% increased risk of lung cancer compared to non-smokers.
Lung cancer risk depends on the number of cigarettes smoked per day, the amount of tobacco smoke inhaled, and the concentration of carcinogenic tar and nicotine in cigarettes.
Radon, benzapyrene, and nitrosamines in tobacco tar are considered the main etiological factors.
Characteristic symptoms of lung cancer include persistent, distressing cough, hemoptysis, recurrent pneumonia, bronchitis, or chest pain.
More people now die from lung cancer than from any other type of cancer.
The average decrease in life expectancy for smokers is 10 years
- Cancerous tumors of the mouth.
Most commonly found on the sides or lower surface of the tongue and the bottom of the mouth.
Symptoms are a small pale lump or thickening of unusual color on the tongue, mouth, cheek, gum, or palate.
- Sexual System.
Nicotine damages the nervous system, including the parts of it responsible for sexual behavior and reproductive capacity.
The ability to procreate progressively decreases with age in smokers.
By reducing the levels of sex hormones and vitamin E, which is irreplaceable for the body, tobacco poisons destroy maturing, and healthy cells intended for the formation of the fetus.
According to medical statistics, over 10% of cases of male sexual impotence are associated with immoderate use of tobacco.
As a result, the infertility rate among young men and boys who smoke is almost twice as high as the national average.
Side effects of smoking in females
The great sadness of the XX century, and especially its second half, has led not only to scientific and technological progress but also to the coarsening and “masculinization” of women.
And one of the reasons for this is the unprecedented increase in female smokers.
According to the World Health Organization, by the beginning of the XXI century, one in every four women in the world is a smoker, and there is a tendency for the number of women who smoke to increase.
This is a real tragedy for mankind.
Not only the beauty of a woman fades prematurely, but also her health, and with it our future – our children.
Women pay a heavy price for the “fashion” of smoking:
- First, smoking quickly, literally within a few years, deprives a young woman of her attractiveness.
- Smoking women are easily recognized by their pale, flabby skin.
- With the influence of tobacco poisons, the voice loses its purity and becomes rough, hoarse and husky, due to swelling and loss of elasticity of vocal cords and laryngeal membranes, the timbre of voice changes.
- Over time, almost all smokers develop bronchitis, which is manifested by a severe cough.
- The skin of the hands becomes dry, with small light or dark brown spots appearing in places.
- Hair smells bad, looks dull, becomes brittle, and often falls out.
- Premature wrinkles appear at the corners of the eyes because you constantly have to squint to protect your eyes from the smoke.
- When tobacco is burned, soot, tobacco tar, is produced.
It causes smokers’ teeth to become darker and yellow and lose their shine. Burning tobacco smoke (up to 40-50°) destroys tooth enamel. It creates cracks where pathogenic germs can enter and cause tooth decay.
- Nicotine irritates the salivary glands and increases salivation, accompanied by frequent spitting while smoking.
The bad breath of a woman who smokes is unlikely to attract men to her. No amount of cosmetics can help.
- Girls and women who smoke quickly fade: the body ages prematurely, they lose their femininity, their grace, their beauty, and they usually look much older than their years.
- The character of a smoker also changes – she becomes nervous, irritable, rude, loses her natural desire to be beautiful, elegant, charming, and therefore attractive to men.
Even more, harm is caused by a woman who smokes to her body.
- Tobacco smoke contains a huge number of poisonous substances: of these, nicotine, carbon monoxide, benzopyrene, and radioactive polonium are the most dangerous to health.
- Nicotine slowly but methodically affects the cardiovascular system of women.
Already after the first puffs, the heart beats faster, the blood vessels wear out more quickly, their lumen narrows, and their elasticity decreases.
Systematic smoking leads to hypertension, heart ischemia, myocardial infarction, lesions of the arteries causing tissue necrosis and gangrene of the legs.
- In women, smoking has a much more rapid harmful effect on the gastric mucosa than in men, causing the development of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease.
- Yards of tobacco smoke especially impacts the central nervous system. As a result, the brain reduces activity, vasoconstriction develops, its nutrition deteriorates.
And as a result: headaches, insomnia, fatigue.
- Smoking women are 20 times more likely than non-smokers to get lung cancer and tuberculosis.
- Tobacco smoke can also cause skin diseases. Numbness, tingling, chills, and sometimes itching and burning can occur.
- Nicotine affects the endocrine and reproductive systems of women.
On this ground, childbearing function is depressed, which leads to childlessness, the number of inflammatory diseases of the genital organs increases.
- Smoking women are twice as likely to have ectopic pregnancies, cervical cancer, and menopause by about two years.
I should add, however, that menopause is longer and more severe.
Side effects of smoking cigarettes for males
The effects of smoking on men.
- Nicotine harms the cardiovascular system.
Cigarettes, age, and exercise are factors that combine to reduce life expectancy.
- The harm of smoking to men is to increase the risk of lung cancer many times over.
This is because they are leaving women far behind in the number of cigarettes they smoke.
- The male reproductive system suffers.
The likelihood of developing impotence and infertility increases.
Harmful substances in tobacco smoke impair blood circulation in the pelvic organs and disrupt the production of sex hormones.
The result is a decrease in the number of healthy mobile sperm.
- Deterioration of the digestive organs is another manifestation of the effects of smoking on the male body.
Gastritis and ulcers develop as a result of tar and nicotine on the stomach mucosa.
- Nicotine causes a deterioration in appearance – the skin on the face becomes wrinkled, acquires an unhealthy shade, circles appear under the eyes.
The voice becomes unpleasant, hoarse, and coarse.
- Smoking’s damage to men (and women, too) is also yellowed teeth, destroyed tooth enamel, a sore throat, a characteristic cough, and bad breath.